Rosa Parks was born Rosa Louise McCauley in Tuskegee, Alabama to James McCauley, a carpenter, and Leona McCauley, a teacher.
December 1, 1955 marked the day most history books say started the civil rights movement when an unknown seamstress in Montgomery, Alabama refused to give up her bus seat to a white passenger. That woman, Rosa Parks, was arrested and fined for violating a city ordinance. This act of defiance however, began a movement that ended legal segregation in America, and catapulted this quiet spirit into a Civil Rights icon. (Source: achievement.org)